Canary speckled wood - Pararge xiphioides

Underside

 

Family: Satyridae.

Flight Time: All year.

Size:40-45mm

Altitude: 200-2000m

Upperside

Quite widespread on Tenerife and the other main Canary islands. The upperside, left is taken of a captive specimen.

The main differences with the usual European Speckled wood, Pararge aegeria are;

1 Forewing is convex in xiphioides, concave in aegeria.

2 The underside of xiphioides has a much more prominent white streak, and its postdiscal white specks are more clearly defined.

 

The larvae feed on grass, and are well camouflaged to aid their survival. The early instar larva pictured right is very small and has two clearly projecting 'tails'.

When ready to pupate the larva hangs onto a lower frond of the plant, pupates, and then is easily dislodged and so ends up camouflaged brown against the dry earth and leaf litter below.

 

Fact File

Similar Species Foodplants Habitat Distribution

Pararge aegeria

Brachyopodium sylvaticum and others

Woodland

Canaries

 

Early Stages

 

  Canary speckled wood larva Canary speckled wood pupa
 
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All pictures in these pages copyright to Simon Coombes. Permission must be sought and obtained for any use.