Brittany


Brittany, or more properly Bretagne is the NW corner of France. It encompasses four Départements or counties, Finistère, Côtes-D'Armor, Morbihan and Ille-et-Vilaine. While probably only 200 miles or so south of the UK there are quite a number of resident species which are not found in the UK. I hope to gradually build up a set of pictures of these species and show something of their distribution in these pages.

 Huge thanks to  David Wright (Wright.Bros1@btinternet.com) for a large number of additional areas, if you visit Brittany let me know what you see, and I'll share it with users of this page.

 

Large chequered skipper - Heteropterus morpheus (40K) Large chequered skipper - Heteropterus morpheus Ilex hairstreak - Nordmannia ilicis (37K) Ilex hairstreak - Nordmannia ilicis
Purple emperor - Apatura iris (48K & 55K) Purple emperor - Apatura iris Queen of Spain fritillary- Issoria lathonia (38K & 32K) Queen of Spain fritillary- Issoria lathonia
Weaver's fritillary - Clossiana dia (26K & 22K) Weaver's fritillary - Clossiana dia Mallow skipper - Carcharodus alcae (55K) Mallow skipper - Carcharodus alcae
Lulworth skipper - Thymelicus acteon (21K & 30K) Lulworth skipper - Thymelicus acteon Sooty copper - Heodes tityrus (37K & 39K & 24K) Sooty copper - Heodes tityrus
Short-tailed blue - Everes argiades (22K & 20K) Short-tailed blue - Everes argiades Southern white admiral - limenitis reducta (23K & 28K) Southern white admiral - Limenitis reducta
Map - Araschnia levana (34K) Map - Araschnia levana Pearly heath - Coenonympha arcania


The information on the distribution of species in this part of France is somewhat scanty and well out of date, I have been using Higgins and Riley which uses information based on a paper published in 1935, Lhomme L. The new edition of the Collins Field Guide (Tolman and Lewington) has replaced the Higgins & Riley version and I have to say is extremely good. They cite Le Cerf, 1972 although I don't know anything about this publication.

Anyone who has visited this region of France and has any information on the species of the area please email me and let me know and I will start to build up a better picture, thanks...

 

Site details

Species lists for Bretagne

Belle Ile

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Large white Pieris brassicae 08-Aug 08-Aug
Small white Artogeia rapae 08-Aug 08-Aug
Clouded yellow Colias crocea 08-Aug 08-Aug
Small copper Lycaena phlaeas 08-Aug 08-Aug
Holly blue Celastrina argiolus 08-Aug 08-Aug
Brown argus Aricia agestis 08-Aug 08-Aug
Common blue Polyommatus icarus 08-Aug 08-Aug
Peacock Inachis io 08-Aug 08-Aug
Red admiral Vanessa atalanta 08-Aug 08-Aug
Painted lady Vanessa cardui 08-Aug 08-Aug
Queen of spain fritillary Issoria lathonia 08-Aug 08-Aug
Small pearl-bordered fritillary Clossiana selene 08-Aug 08-Aug
Weaver's fritillary Clossiana dia 08-Aug 08-Aug
Grayling Hipparchia semele 08-Aug 08-Aug
Meadow brown Maniola jurtina 08-Aug 08-Aug
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 08-Aug 08-Aug
Small heath Coenonympha pamphilus 08-Aug 08-Aug
Speckled wood Pararge aegeria 08-Aug 08-Aug
Wall Lasiommata megera 08-Aug 08-Aug
Lulworth skipper Thymelicus acteon 08-Aug 08-Aug

Bois de Boeuvres

Species:Scientific:First sighting:Last sighting:
SwallowtailPapilio machaon02-Aug02-Aug
Large whitePieris brassicae02-Aug02-Aug
Small whiteArtogeia rapae03-Jun03-Jun
Green-veined whiteArtogeia napi02-Aug02-Aug
Orange tipAnthocharis cardamines03-Jun03-Jun
Clouded yellowColias crocea03-Jun03-Jun
BrimstoneGonepteryx rhamni03-Jun03-Jun
Small copperLycaena phlaeas02-Aug02-Aug
Sooty copperLycaena tityrus02-Aug02-Aug
Holly blueCelastrina argiolus02-Aug02-Aug
Brown argusAricia agestis02-Aug02-Aug
Common bluePolyommatus icarus02-Aug02-Aug
Red admiralVanessa atalanta03-Jun03-Jun
Painted ladyVanessa cardui03-Jun03-Jun
Silver washed fritillaryArgynnis paphia02-Aug02-Aug
Queen of spain fritillaryIssoria lathonia02-Aug02-Aug
Glanville fritillaryMelitaea cinxia03-Jun03-Jun
Heath fritillaryMellicta athalia02-Aug02-Aug
Meadow brownManiola jurtina03-Jun03-Jun
GatekeeperPyronia tithonus02-Aug02-Aug
Small heathCoenonympha pamphilus03-Jun03-Jun
Speckled woodPararge aegeria03-Jun03-Jun
WallLasiommata megera03-Jun03-Jun
Large skipperOchlodes venatus03-Jun03-Jun

Bois de Caurel

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Swallowtail Papilio machaon 14-Jun 14-Jun
Large white Pieris brassicae 11-Jul 11-Jul
Small white Artogeia rapae 14-Jun 14-Jun
Orange tip Anthocharis cardamines 14-Jun 14-Jun
Clouded yellow Colias crocea 14-Jun 14-Jun
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni 14-Jun 14-Jun
Purple hairstreak Quercusia quercus 07-Jul 07-Jul
Green hairstreak Callophrys rubi 14-Jun 14-Jun
Small copper Lycaena phlaeas 11-Jul 11-Jul
Short-tailed blue Everes argiades 07-Jul 07-Jul
Holly blue Celastrina argiolus 14-Jun 14-Jun
White admiral Limenitis camilla 07-Jul 07-Jul
Peacock Inachis io 11-Jul 11-Jul
Red admiral Vanessa atalanta 14-Jun 14-Jun
Painted lady Vanessa cardui 14-Jun 14-Jun
Small tortoiseshell Aglais urticae 11-Jul 11-Jul
Silver washed fritillary Argynnis paphia 07-Jul 07-Jul
Marbled white Melanargia galathea 11-Jul 11-Jul
Meadow brown Maniola jurtina 11-Jul 11-Jul
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperantus 11-Jul 11-Jul
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 11-Jul 11-Jul
Small heath Coenonympha pamphilus 14-Jun 14-Jun
Speckled wood Pararge aegeria 14-Jun 14-Jun
Large chequered skipper Heteropterus morpheus 07-Jul 07-Jul
Essex skipper Thymelicus lineola 11-Jul 11-Jul
Small skipper Thymelicus sylvestris 11-Jul 11-Jul
Large skipper Ochlodes venatus 11-Jul 11-Jul

Bosmeleac

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Wood white Leptidea sinapis 08-Jul 08-Jul
Red admiral Vanessa atalanta 08-Jul 08-Jul
Painted lady Vanessa cardui 08-Jul 08-Jul
Small tortoiseshell Aglais urticae 08-Jul 08-Jul
Marbled white Melanargia galathea 08-Jul 08-Jul
Meadow brown Maniola jurtina 08-Jul 08-Jul
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperantus 08-Jul 08-Jul
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 08-Jul 08-Jul
Essex skipper Thymelicus lineola 08-Jul 08-Jul
Large skipper Ochlodes venatus 08-Jul 08-Jul

Camaret

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Clouded yellow Colias crocea 23-Jul 23-Jul
Large blue Maculinea arion 23-Jul 23-Jul
Weaver's fritillary Clossiana dia 23-Jul 23-Jul
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 23-Jul 23-Jul

Canal Ile et Rance

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Swallowtail Papilio machaon 13-Aug 13-Aug
Large white Pieris brassicae 13-Aug 13-Aug
Small white Artogeia rapae 13-Aug 13-Aug
Clouded yellow Colias crocea 13-Aug 13-Aug
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni 13-Aug 13-Aug
Small copper Lycaena phlaeas 13-Aug 13-Aug
Sooty copper Lycaena tityrus 13-Aug 13-Aug
Short-tailed blue Everes argiades 13-Aug 13-Aug
Holly blue Celastrina argiolus 13-Aug 13-Aug
Common blue Polyommatus icarus 13-Aug 13-Aug
Map Araschnia levana 13-Aug 13-Aug
Silver washed fritillary Argynnis paphia 13-Aug 13-Aug
Meadow brown Maniola jurtina 13-Aug 13-Aug
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 13-Aug 13-Aug
Speckled wood Pararge aegeria 13-Aug 13-Aug
Dingy skipper Erynnis tages 13-Aug 13-Aug

Chapelle de Brain

Species:Scientific:First sighting:Last sighting:
SwallowtailPapilio machaon02-Jun02-Jun
Large whitePieris brassicae02-Jun02-Jun
Small whiteArtogeia rapae02-Jun02-Jun
Green-veined whiteArtogeia napi02-Jun02-Jun
Clouded yellowColias crocea02-Jun02-Jun
BrimstoneGonepteryx rhamni02-Jun02-Jun
Green hairstreakCallophrys rubi02-Jun02-Jun
Holly blueCelastrina argiolus02-Jun02-Jun
Red admiralVanessa atalanta02-Jun02-Jun
Painted ladyVanessa cardui02-Jun02-Jun
Glanville fritillaryMelitaea cinxia02-Jun02-Jun
Heath fritillaryMellicta athalia02-Jun02-Jun
Meadow brownManiola jurtina02-Jun02-Jun
GatekeeperPyronia tithonus02-Jun02-Jun
Small heathCoenonympha pamphilus02-Jun02-Jun
Speckled woodPararge aegeria02-Jun02-Jun
WallLasiommata megera02-Jun02-Jun

Forêt de Lorge

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Large white Pieris brassicae 08-Jul 08-Jul
Small white Artogeia rapae 08-Jul 08-Jul
Green-veined white Artogeia napi 08-Jul 08-Jul
Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni 09-Jul 09-Jul
Ilex hairstreak Satyrium ilicis 08-Jul 08-Jul
Small copper Lycaena phlaeas 08-Jul 08-Jul
Holly blue Celastrina argiolus 08-Jul 08-Jul
Purple emperor Apatura iris 08-Jul 08-Jul
White admiral Limenitis camilla 08-Jul 08-Jul
Peacock Inachis io 08-Jul 08-Jul
Red admiral Vanessa atalanta 08-Jul 08-Jul
Small tortoiseshell Aglais urticae 08-Jul 08-Jul
Silver washed fritillary Argynnis paphia 09-Jul 09-Jul
Marbled white Melanargia galathea 08-Jul 08-Jul
Meadow brown Maniola jurtina 08-Jul 08-Jul
Ringlet Aphantopus hyperantus 08-Jul 08-Jul
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 08-Jul 08-Jul
Speckled wood Pararge aegeria 09-Jul 09-Jul
Large chequered skipper Heteropterus morpheus 08-Jul 08-Jul
Essex skipper Thymelicus lineola 08-Jul 08-Jul
Large skipper Ochlodes venatus 08-Jul 08-Jul

La Trinité and Carnac (July/August)

 

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Swallowtail Papilio machaon 25-Jul 25-Jul
Large white Pieris brassicae 25-Jul 25-Jul
Small white Artogeia rapae 25-Jul 25-Jul
Green-veined white Artogeia napi 25-Jul 25-Jul
Clouded yellow Colias crocea 25-Jul 25-Jul
Brown hairstreak Thecla betulae 25-Jul 25-Jul
Small copper Lycaena phlaeas 06-Aug 06-Aug
Sooty copper Lycaena tityrus 06-Aug 06-Aug
Short-tailed blue Everes argiades 25-Jul 25-Jul
Holly blue Celastrina argiolus 25-Jul 25-Jul
Silver-studded blue Plebejus argus 25-Jul 25-Jul
Brown argus Aricia agestis 25-Jul 25-Jul
Common blue Polyommatus icarus 25-Jul 25-Jul
Southern white admiral Limenitis reducta 25-Jul 25-Jul
Red admiral Vanessa atalanta 25-Jul 25-Jul
Painted lady Vanessa cardui 25-Jul 25-Jul
Queen of spain fritillary Issoria lathonia 25-Jul 25-Jul
Weaver's fritillary Clossiana dia 25-Jul 25-Jul
Glanville fritillary Melitaea cinxia 25-Jul 25-Jul
Meadow brown Maniola jurtina 25-Jul 25-Jul
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 25-Jul 25-Jul
Small heath Coenonympha pamphilus 06-Aug 06-Aug
Speckled wood Pararge aegeria 25-Jul 25-Jul
Grizzled skipper Pyrgus malvae 25-Jul 25-Jul

Morbihan (Gulf)

Species: Scientific: First sighting: Last sighting:
Large white Pieris brassicae 05-Aug 05-Aug
Small white Artogeia rapae 05-Aug 05-Aug
Brown hairstreak Thecla betulae 15-Aug 15-Aug
Small copper Lycaena phlaeas 05-Aug 05-Aug
Southern white admiral Limenitis reducta 05-Aug 05-Aug
Red admiral Vanessa atalanta 05-Aug 05-Aug
Queen of spain fritillary Issoria lathonia 15-Aug 15-Aug
Meadow brown Maniola jurtina 05-Aug 05-Aug
Gatekeeper Pyronia tithonus 05-Aug 05-Aug
Speckled wood Pararge aegeria 05-Aug 05-Aug
Lulworth skipper Thymelicus acteon 15-Aug 15-Aug

 Saint Just

 
Species:Scientific:First sighting:Last sighting:
Holly blueCelastrina argiolus06-Jun06-Jun
Common bluePolyommatus icarus04-Jun04-Jun
Painted ladyVanessa cardui06-Jun06-Jun
Glanville fritillaryMelitaea cinxia06-Jun06-Jun
Meadow brownManiola jurtina06-Jun06-Jun
Small heathCoenonympha pamphilus04-Jun04-Jun
Pearly heathCoenonympha arcania06-Jun06-Jun

 

Species lists for Bretagne

25/06/04
Val san retour - Trehorenteuc - Foret de Pampoint

Large Skipper
Small Skipper
Holly Blue
Silver-studded Blue (On the small area of heath by the first lake)
Large Tortoiseshell* (1. by the footpath from Trehorenteuc at the
"start" of the forest)
Marbled White
Meadow Brown
Speckled Wood
Small Heath

info: Darrel Watts

26-30/06/04
Ruffiac - Malestroit - St Laurent sur Oust (roadsides, Nantes-Brest
canal towpath, Voire verte cycleway)
Large Skipper
Small Skipper
Brimstone (1 male)
GV White
Small White
Large White
Small Copper
Short-tailed Blue - (Apparently found anywhere with Lotus
corniculatus/uliginosus in flower)
Common Blue
Holly Blue
Small Tortoiseshell
Peacock
Red Admiral
Painted Lady
Map (2nd generation)(1. on cycleway just N. of Malestroit)
Marbled White
Gatekeeper
Speckled Wood (all P. aegeria aegeria)
Meadow Brown
Small Heath
 

info: Darrel Watts

The following invaluable information was sent to me by David Wright (Wright.Bros1@btinternet.com) and Mark Ogden.(mandyogden@lineone.net)

Lesconil  (Referring to the dunes , slacks , and access lanes etc., between the sea and the road between Lesconil and Lechiagat.) July/August
grid:    47deg 48 N 4deg 13 W
habitat:    Dunes, lanes etc..
County    Finistère, Brittany
 
Swallowtail
Large White
Small White
Green-veined White
Clouded Yellow
Pale Clouded Yellow
Bath White
Small Copper
Sooty Copper
Common Blue
Holly Blue
Brown Argus
Meadow Brown
Gatekeeper
Speckled Wood
Small Heath
Marbled White
Grayling
Wall Brown
Red Admiral
White Admiral
Peacock
Comma
Small Tortoiseshell
Painted Lady
Large Skipper
Small Skipper
Lulworth Skipper
Mallow Skipper
Grizzled Skipper
Dingy Skipper

 

Prentrez-Plage 9/6/2001
grid:     48deg12 N 4deg19 W
habitat:      Coastal scrub
County:   Finistère, Brittany

Brimstone (1)
Large White (1)
Orange Tip (1)
Speckled Wood (3)
Holly Blue (1)
Meadow Brown (3)
Swallowtail (1)

Menez-Hom 9/6/2001
grid:     48deg15N 4deg 15 W
habitat:      Hilll Gorseland
County:   Finistere, Brittany

Swallowtail (2)
Meadow Brown (1)

Beg-Meil 10/6/2001
grid:     47 deg 50 N 4deg W
hab:      Coastland sandunes
County:   Finistere,Brittany

Large White(2)
Meadow Brown (3)
Small Heath (2)
Painted Lady (1)
Glanville Fritillary (2)

Plage de l'Aber 11/6/2001
grid:     48 deg 15 N 4 deg 25 W
hab:      Coastal sandunes
County:   Finistere,Brittany

Common Blue (20)
Small heath (30)
Meadow Brown (30)
Brown Argus (2)
Grizzled Skipper (1)
Large White (2)
Glanville Fritillary (20)

 

Foret du Cranou June/July
grid:     48 deg 20 N 4 deg 05 W
hab:      Deciduous Woodland
County:   Finistère, Brittany

Large White
Small White
Small Copper
Meadow Brown
Gatekeeper
Speckled Wood
Small Heath
Marbled White
Silver-washed Fritillary
Heath Fritillary
Red Admiral
White Admiral
Large Skipper
Small Skipper
Essex Skipper

 

Audierne 12/6/2001
grid:     48deg N 4 deg 30 W
hab:      Coastal Scrub
County:   Finistere,Brittany

Speckled Wood (1)
Large White (1)
Red Admiral (1)
Swallowtail (1)

 

Pointe du Raz  12/6/2001
grid:     48 deg N 4 deg 40 W
hab:      Coastal Scrub
County:   Finistere , Brittany

Wall Butterfly (2)
Common Blue (6)
Small Heath (6)
Meadow Brown (2)
Brown Argus (1)
Swallowtail (2)

(I think this is a good place to look for Large Blue)

 

Treguennec   13/6/2001
grid:     47 deg 55 N 4 deg 20 W
hab:      Coastal sandunes
County:   Finistere,Brittany


Large White (2)
Common Blue (10)
Brown Argus (2)
Silver-Studded Blue (2)
Small Heath (10)
Meadow Brown (5)
Glanville Fritillary (1)
Swallowtail (2)

 

Penmarch 13/6/2001
grid:     47 Deg 50 N 4 Deg 20 W
hab:      Coastal Scrub
County:   Finistere,Brittany


Meadow Brown (2)
Swallowtail (1)

 

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© All pictures in these pages copyright to Simon Coombes. Permission must be sought and obtained for any use.

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© All pictures in these pages copyright to Simon Coombes. Permission must be sought and obtained for any use.